The International Wine and Wine Organization forecasts for 2022 a volume “slightly” lower than the average of the last twenty years.
World wine production, affected by climate change, is expected to be below the average of the past two decades in 2022, according to first estimates from the International Organization of Vine and Wine (OIV) published on Monday.
Winegrowers are expected to produce around 260 million hectoliters (mhl) of wine this year, the OIV estimates, based on information gathered from 29 countries representing 91% of global production.
The total volume appears “slightly” lower than the average of the last twenty years (270 Mhl) and is down 1% compared to 2021″, notes the company.
2021 production, reported as “very low” at 250 Mhl, was then revised upwards to 262 Mhl, according to provisional data from the OIV.
The body notes that the forecast for 2022 is also subject to change, in particular due to the absence of data from China – which is typical at this time of year – but “exceptionally” from Russia.
In Europe, repeated heat and drought waves are raising fears of a poor harvest. Finally, production is “better than expected”, with vines protected against diseases such as powdery mildew.
Production “better than expected”
Italy and France, first and second world producers respectively, should produce more wine than the average of the last five years (2017-2021).
On the other hand, Spain, which completes these first three places, shows a 12% drop in production compared to the 2017-2021 average due to “drought and limited access to water in certain areas”. .
Greece, the country most affected by the heat, saw its production drop by 29% compared to the 2017-2021 average.
Outside Europe, production in the United States (the world’s fourth largest producer) is down 6% compared to the 2017-2021 average, mainly due to earlier frosts and later droughts.