Severe drought and extreme heat pose new threat to wine production
By James Bayley
Published: November 01, 2022
In 2022, the volume of global wine production is expected to be at a similar level to that seen last year, despite higher average temperatures across the globe.
According to data collected by the International Organization of Vine and Wine (OIV), world wine production is expected to remain stable in 2022 at around 260 Mhl. This will be the fourth consecutive year that global production will be slightly below its 20-year average.
However, in the EU, wine production in 2022 is expected to be 157 Mhl, registering an annual increase of 3.5 Mhl (+2%) compared to 2021.
Positive performances were recorded in Italy, France and Germany, compensating for the weak harvests expected in Spain and Greece, which were particularly affected by the summer heat wave.
The first harvest forecasts in the USA indicate that the production volume will be slightly lower than in 2021 at 23.1 Mhl, a decrease of -4%.
After last year’s record figures, vineyards in the southern hemisphere produced average volumes, with the sole exception of New Zealand, favorable weather conditions allowing the region to reach its highest production with 3.8 Mhl, an increase of 44%.
Overall, in 2022, wine production in the Southern Hemisphere is expected to represent 21% of the world total, with 55 Mhl, a decrease of -7% compared to 2021.
Meanwhile, a recent report by the European Drought Observatory (EDO), suggested that Europe faced its worst drought for at least 500 years this summer, with two-thirds of the continent in a state of alert or warning, reducing inland navigation, electricity production and the yields of certain crops.
The August report said 47% of Europe was on alert, with an obvious soil moisture deficit, and 17% was on alert, in which vegetation is affected.